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The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson

     (NBC Late night, 1962 - 1994)

     This witty conversationalist may not have been the first
     host of the series, but may be the best-remembered. Carson
     was born in 1905 in a small town in Nebraska. He grew up
     loving magic, and studying radio drama, and performed on 
     some local radio shows during the 1930s as a voice actor.
     
     As block-programming of radio was supplanted by "formats",
     Carson adapted and was able to combine his love of comedy
     with the new needs of the medium. He polished his stand-up 
     comedy presence, and worked his way through the ranks of 
     broadcasting, to the pinnacle of network TV stardom.
   
     Along the way, he polished his presentation on game shows
     ("Who Do You Trust?") and a number of comedic guest shots
     until the slot opened on NBC late-night.
   
     On TV Carson had a boyish charm and unflappable good nature, 
     as so many viewers saw nightly. But he was a painfully private
     person who suffered three divorces and the death of a son.
     He let few people in or out of the business get close to him. 
     
     It was surmised that perhaps Johnny felt most comfortable
     on stage, or on the air -- even in front of millions of
     viewers and a studio audience -- since the situation had 
     a structure known in advance, and he could control his
     reactions, thus giving him a certain sense of security.
     
     In "real life" situations it was the lack of structure and
     control that made him insecure, so he avoided being in
     casual public situations...(or so the theory goes.)
     
     Nonetheless he was a beloved personality that millions
     felt they knew well through the side of himself he liked to
     present via his humorous topical monologues and celebrity
     interviews. He was a midwestern boy who certainly made
     the "big-time", and knew how to be the perfect night-time host.
     
     Johnny passed away at the age of 79 from "respiratory
     arrest" -- a complication of Emphysema from which he had
     suffered after his retirement -- brought on by 20 years of
     heavy smoking. He died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in
     Los Angeles at 6:50 am, on January 23, 2005.


Main Theme: "Johnny's Theme"

    [aka: "Here's Johnny";
     aka original title: "Toot Sweet";
     aka vocal title: "It's Really Love (Faibles Femmes)"]

    [Who says composers and songwriters don't re-use material?
     This catchy ditty was first written by Paul Anka by the title
     "Toot Sweet". 
     
     After a lyric was added in 1959 "Toot Sweet" was re-named
     "It's Really Love", and under that title was recorded by 
     Annette Funicello on her LP, "Annette Sings". 

     In 1962, when Johnny Carson took over the NBC "Tonight Show",
     he commissioned Anka for a new THEME song, via his company
     called "Management Agency & Music Publishing, Inc." 

     Anka must have suggested re-using this old tune, which does
     have a pleasant bouncy feel and does seem to fit. Since it 
     was technically a deal under a "work for hire" contract...
     
     Contributor Steve Owen said that at that time Johnny Carson 
     (who was a jazz fan) played drums at home. So he said he
     would think of something to put at the beginning of Anka's
     tune to "help author it." That something turned out to be
     a little drum break (a little solo before the band joins
     in.) So for 6 - 7 years there was that one-bar drum break
     at the beginning of the THEME. Eventually that little break
     was shortened even further to just one and a half beats.
     
     So Johnny became an "author" of his THEME for copyright 
     purposes, and got not only a piece of the publishing 
     royalties, but a composer's share of royalties as well;

     Of course, it must have been worth it to Paul Anka who
     once said he got $200 in royalties every time the show 
     aired. It ran for 32 years, 52 weeks a year, 5 nights
     a week -- which works out to $1,664,000.00 -- not bad 
     for an old tune that was re-cycled twice.]

     Composers: Paul Anka (BMI), and [technically]
                John William ("Johnny") Carson (BMI)

     Original Publishers: Chrysalis Standards, Inc. (BMI), and
                          Here's Johnny Music (BMI)

     1999 Publishers:  Chrysalis Standards, Inc. (BMI), and
                       Here's Johnny Music (BMI)

    [as "It's Really Love"]:
     Copyright Date: March 10, 1959; Ep 132 082.

    [as "Johnny's Theme"]:
     Copyright Date: Sep. 12, 1962; Eu 735 981.

     Recordings:
           CD: The Tonight Show Band
               Amherst Records AMH 93311 (1986)
               The Tonight Show Band with Doc Severinsen


Vaudeville-style Play-Off Theme: "The Billboard"

    [This cornball anonymous short composition has many names like
    "the old vaudeville runoff". It was used on the "Tonight Show"
     as a "Play-Off" whenever a burlesque-style or slapstick comedian 
     like Rip Torn would exit after his stand-up routine...

     The notes of the melody (in the key of C) are (approximately):
     b-c-c#-
     D-c-d-c-d-c-a#,
     b-a-b-a-b-a-#g,
     a-c-a-c-E-E,
     c (or c-g-c)

     Once we spoke with a former LA studio trombonist named
     Ray Heath who had played on the "Dragnet" radio/TV show was
     asked what to call it; he said "It's just called 'Billboard'
     or 'The Billboard'. Whenever I played in pit orchestras, the
     conductor would just announce, 'Billboard' and we'd play it..."

     Of course the title "Billboard" is a generic term that means
     the music played behind a preview at the front of the TV show,
     and there is also the "Billboard March" by John N. Klohr, not
     to be confused with this corny little tag...

     So there are over 70 composer/arrangers listed in ASCAP under
     the title "BILLBOARD"...

     But there is this one citation which may tend to verify its
     use on the Johnny Carson Show with the two tonight show
     conductors as its arranger...of course the piece itself is
     probably in the Public Domain by now...]

     Arrangers: Carl H. ("Doc") Severinsen (ASCAP), and
                Thomas P. ("Tommy") Newsom (ASCAP)

     Original Publishers: Awright Music (ASCAP)

     1997 Publishers: Awright Music (ASCAP)
                         c/o Goldman, Wasserman & Grossman
                         of Los Angeles, CA

     Copyright Date: 
     Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:


Bumper Theme 1: "Chimes"

    [Carson Tonight Show credit in album liner notes by Johnny Carson.]

    [a variation on the 3-note "NBC Chimes Theme" originally
     written by NBC Radio Music Director Alfredo Antonini or
     by Rex Koury, depending upon various sources...]

    [Zabka was an "associate director" of the Tonight Show;
     Al D'Artega is credited as "arranger" of the music...]

     Composer: Stanley W. ("Stan") Zabka (ASCAP), and
               Alphonse ("Al") D'Artega (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: Broude Brothers (ASCAP)

     1997 Publisher: Broude Brothers Limited (ASCAP),
                         of Williamstown, MA

     Composition Date: 1947, according to publisher letter 4/15/82

     Unpublished Copyright Date: Jan. 13, 1958; Eu 508 466.
     Unpublished Renewal Date 1: Jan.  8, 1986; RE-277-969.
     Unpublished Renewal Date 2: Dec. 29, 1986; RE-315-943.

     Published   Copyright Date: Jan. 26, 1959; Ep 126 913.
     Published   Renewal   Date: Jan.  5, 1987; RE-319-249.

     Recordings:
          45rpm single: "Chimes (Theme)"
                         Palladium BB-605 (1964)
                         Stan Zabka's Orchestra

          LP: "Zabka's Themes From Television"
               Laurie LLP 2025 (1964)
               Stan Zabka and his Orchestra ["the Paris Strings"]
               Recorded 1964 at Barclay Studios, Paris, France

          CD Re-issue: "Zabka's Themes From Television"
               Big Island Music, Grass Valley, CA -- BIM CD 599 (1999)
               Stan Zabka and The Paris Strings
               Recorded 1964 at Barclay Studios, Paris, France


Bumper Theme 2: "30 Rockefeller Plaza"

    [Credit on liner notes to LP "Skitch...Tonight!", which
     says this piece was usually played around 12:30am..and
     Skitch's own publishing company published it]

     Composer: Torrie Zito (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: Welzheim Music Publishing Corp. (ASCAP)

     1997 Publisher: Welzheim Music Publishing Corp. (ASCAP),
                        of New Milford, CT

     Copyright Date: 
     Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:
          LP: "Skitch...Tonight!"
               Columbia CL 2367
               Skitch Henderson and the "Tonight Show" orchestra


Closing Theme 1: "Tonight"

    [aka: "Tonight Theme"]

    [a leftover from the Steve Allen Tonight-hosting days, used 
     briefly at the end of the Carson show...]

     Composer: Steven Valentine ("Steve") Allen (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: Rosemeadow Publishing Corp. (ASCAP)

     1997 Publisher: All Nations Music (ASCAP),
                        of Beverly Hills, CA

     Copyright Date: Dec. 10, 1954; Eu 379 764.
     Renewal   Date: 

     Recordings:
          LP: "Music For Tonight" (1955)
               Coral CRL-57004
               Steve Allen


Closing Theme 2: "Hawaiian Village (Closing Theme of the NBC Tonight Show)"

    [above title and sub-title listed as filed for copyright
     and also on the sheet music dated 1962]

     Composers: Milton De Lugg (ASCAP) and
                Anne De Lugg (ASCAP)

     Orig. Publisher: International Pauline Corp. (ASCAP)

     1967 Publisher: International Pauline Corp. (ASCAP)

     2002 Publisher: International Korwin Corp. (ASCAP)
                       of Huntington Station, NY

     Unpublished Copyright Date: Aug. 28, 1961; Eu 684 807.
     Unpublished Renewal   Date:

     Published Copyright Date: Mar. 6, 1967; EP 241 822.
     Published Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:


Closing Theme 3: "Lil' Darlin'"

     Composer: Neal Hefti (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: International Korwin Corp. (ASCAP)

     1997 Publisher: WB Music Corp. (ASCAP)
                        of Los Angeles, CA

     Copyright Date: Dec. 19, 1960; Eu 651 498.
     Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:
          LP: by Count Basie


Closing Theme 4: "Sick of The Blues"

    [Title Credit in Pattillo book]

     Composer: Joseph J. Curiale (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: Glores Music (BMI)

     1997 Publisher: Glores Music (BMI)

     Copyright Date: 
     Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:


Closing Theme 5: "Way I Feel About You"

     Composers: Carl H. ("Doc") Severinsen (ASCAP) and
                Thomas P. ("Tommy") Newsom (ASCAP),
                lyric by Sammy Gallop (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: Welzheim Music Publishing Corp. (ASCAP)

     1997 Publisher: Welzheim Music Publishing Corp. (ASCAP),
                        of New Milford, CT

     Copyright Date: 
     Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:


Weekend Closing Theme: "Saturday Music"

     Composers: Franco DeBellis (ASCAP/BMI), and
                Bruno Martino (ASCAP/BMI)

     Original Publisher: Santa Cecilia Music (BMI)

     1997 Publisher: [no listing in either ASCAP or 
                         BMI Repertoire]

     Copyright Date: 
     Renewal   Date:

     Recordings:
          45rpm single: "Saturday Music"
                         Brunswick 55346
                         Dick Jacobs and his Orchestra











































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