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Looney Tunes (cartoons, from Warner Brothers)

    (Theatrical cartoons since 1929;
     Various packages sold to TV since the 1950s)

    [Originally conceived as theatrical cartoons produced by Leon Schlesinger
     beginning in 1929, the cartoons aired on various Children's TV series for
     many decades since TV first began;
     
     There were several musical compositions used as Looney Tunes signature tunes
     during its first dozen years, before Warners settled on the most well-known 
     of them all, "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down", in 1937. The others were used 
     as signatures for about two years each; they are sometimes heard when these 
     earliest cartoons are broadcast on TV;
     
     And of course it was also common for WB cartoons to quote songs published by
     Warner Bros. music (often from their films) in the background scores of their
     cartoons. Frequently one might hear a snippet of a characteristic tune when
     the action called for it, perhaps meant as an "inside joke" -- to tickle the
     funnybone of adults in the audience. Here are some of the standouts:]
     
  • "Singin' In The Bathtub" (1929) by Michael Cleary, Herb Magidson and Ned Washington;
  • "One Step Ahead Of My Shadow" (1933) by Sammy Fain and Irving Kahal
  • "Jeepers, Creepers" (1938) by Harry Warren and Johnny Mercer
  • "I Love A Parade" (1918) by Harold Arlen and Ted Koehler
  • "Get Happy" (1930) by Harold Arlen
          [professional name of Hyman Arluck] and Ted Koehler
  • "Ain't We Got Fun" (1921) by Richard Whiting, Gus Kahn, and Raymond Egan
  • "You Oughta Be In Pictures" (1934) by Edward Heyman and Dana Suesse
  • "I Haven't Got A Hat" (1935) by Buddy Bernier and Robert D. Emmerich
  • "Freddy The Freshman The Freshest Kid In Town" (1932) by Cliff Friend and Dave Oppenheim
  • "My Little Buckaroo" (1937) by M. K. Jerome and Jack Scholl
  • "Old King Cole" (1937) by Richard Whiting and Johnny Mercer
  • "The Toy Trumpet" (1944) by Raymond Scott


Theme 1 (circa 1930 - 1932): "A Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight"

    [aka: (There'll Be) A Hot Time in the Old Town Tonight;
     aka: Hot Time March;
     
     This jolly tune based upon a minstrel theme was used for vaudeville
     play-ons and play-offs often at a tempo much faster than normal, 
     so it was a natural for animated cartoons when they came along...]

     Composers: music by Theodore A. Metz (ASCAP) and
                lyric by Joseph ("Joe") Hayden (ASCAP)

     Original Publisher: Willis Woodward & Co. (ASCAP)
                            of New York, NY
     
     2005 Publisher: [In the public domain]
    
     Composition Date: 1896.

     Copyright Date:
     
     Recordings:


Theme 2 (circa 1932 - 1934): "Whistle And Blow Your Blues Away"

    [recorded as a pop song by the band of Carmen Lombardo's brother, 
     "Guy Lombardo and The Royal Canadians"]

     Composers: music by Carmen Lombardo (ASCAP), and
                lyric by Joseph Widow ("Joe") Young (ASCAP)

     1978 Publishers: Remick Music Corp. (ASCAP), and
                      Warock Music Corp. (ASCAP)
     
     2005 Publishers: Remick Music Corp. (ASCAP)
                        c/o Warner Bros. Inc.
                        (Warner Bros. Music Div.)
                        of Los Angeles, CA; and
                      Warock Corporation (ASCAP)
                        of East Hampton, NY
                        
     Original Copyright: 1932 (on sheet music)

     Copyright Date:
     
     Recordings:


Theme 3 (circa 1934 - 1936): "Beauty And The Beast"

    [No, this is not the main title theme of the animated 1991
     Disney musical, but was written for a 1934 film of the same name
     by the songwriting team that wrote Groucho Marx's signature song 
     "Hooray For Captain Spaulding" for their film "Animal Crackers";
     
     This version of "Beauty and the Beast" was a Warner Bros. animated
     short film (8 minutes in length); it was directed by Fritz Freleng 
     using the name "Isadore Freleng" and was produced by Leon Schelesinger;
     
     So it was a natural for cross-promotion via the Looney Tunes series.]

     Composers: music by Harry Ruby (ASCAP), and
                lyric by Bert Kalmar (ASCAP)

     1978 Publisher: Remick Music Corp. (ASCAP)
     
     2005 Publishers: Remick Music Corp. (ASCAP)
                        c/o Warner Bros. Inc.
                        (Warner Bros. Music Div.)
                        of Los Angeles, CA; and
                      Harry Ruby Music Co. (ASCAP)
                        c/o The Songwriters Guild
                        of Weehawken, NJ

     Copyright Date: 1934.
     
     Recordings:


Theme 4 (circa 1936 - 1937): "Porky Sig"

    [aka: Porky Sig[nature];
     aka: Porky Pig]

     Composer: M. K. Jerome (ASCAP)
              [professional name of Maurice K. Jerome]

     1978 Publisher: M. Witmark & Sons (ASCAP)
     
     2005 Publisher: M. Witmark & Sons (ASCAP)
                        c/o Warner Bros. Inc.
                        (Warner Bros. Music Div.)
                        of Los Angeles, CA

     Copyright Date: 
     
     Recordings:


Main Theme 5 (since 1937): "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down"

    [aka: "Looney Tunes Open";
     aka: "Looney Tunes Close"
      
     Warner Brothers arrangers made the novelty song into a memorable 
     signature tune using clever orchestration techniques -- notably
     by veteran studio arrangers Carl Stalling and William Lava]

     Composers: Dave Franklin (ASCAP), and
                Cliff Friend (ASCAP)

     1978 Publisher: [T. B.] Harms, Inc. (ASCAP)
     
     2000 Publisher: [T. B.] Harms, Inc. (ASCAP)
                        c/o Warner Bros. Inc.
                        of Los Angeles, CA

     Copyright Date: 1937, E pub. [Ep] 62 263.
     
     Recordings:


End Title: "That's All, Folks - Instrumental"

    [aka: "That's All, Folks";
     aka: "Looney Tunes Theme";
     aka: "Looney Tunes Medley";
      
     A combination of melodic fragments of "Merrily We Roll Along"
     (the best known Merrie Melodies cartoon signature tune) and
     "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down" (used for Looney Tunes) are 
     heard in this closing signature credited to the composers
     of both songs for royalty purposes...]

     Composers: Charles Tobias (ASCAP),
                Murray Mencher (ASCAP),
                Eddie Cantor (ASCAP),          
                Dave Franklin (ASCAP), and
                Cliff Friend (ASCAP)

     1978 Publisher: Warner Bros., Inc. (ASCAP)
     
     2000 Publisher: Warner Bros., Inc. (ASCAP)
                        (Warner Bros. Music Div.)
                        c/o Warner-Chappell Music, Inc.
                        of Los Angeles, CA

     Copyright Date:
     
     Recordings:
























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