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Laurel and Hardy (comedy/slapstick)

     (early sound shorts from the Hal Roach Studios since 1931;
      Syndicated for TV in the 1950s)

Theme: "Ku-ku"

    [aka: "The Ku-ku Song",
     aka: "Coo! Coo! (radio time signal)", 
     aka: "Dance of the Cuckoos",
     aka: "The Laurel and Hardy Theme"]
     
    [Liner notes to the Beau-Hunks "Laurel and Hardy" CD reveal 
     that the motif of this ditty was originally composed as 
     a wacky time cue for a local radio program. This program aired
     on radio station KFVD located at the Hal Roach Studios in L.A.

     The show was called "The Cuckoo Hour". According to author
     T. Marvin Hatley, when Stan Laurel heard it, he asked the 
     writer if he could use it for his theme song. So Hatley
     embellished the short motif, incorporating a background
     motif in another key representing "Babe" Hardy. Having a piece
     with two melodies in different keys added to the quirky effect.
     Hatley was just 23 years old when he wrote the original time 
     cue, and 25 when he re-arranged it for Stan Laurel to use.

     According to the book "Stan and Ollie, the roots of comedy:
     The Double Life of Laurel and Hardy" by Simon Louvish, the
     revised radio cue, which was now called "Ku-Ku" or the
     "The Ku-Ku Song" was first used in a film as a background 
     cue in the 1930 Laurel and Hardy feature "Night Owls." 
     
     But when it was re-used in the feature called "Brats" during the
     scene when Laurel and Hardy play themselves as babies, the
     audience howled. Roach was said to have paid Hatley a flat 
     fee of $50 for the rights to use the "Ku-Ku" song from that
     point on, and Hatley was given more work at the Roach studios.
  
     Thomas Marvin Hatley had worked his way up in the Hal Roach organization
     from a member of a "The Happy-Go-Lucky" Trio which played music
     live for the radio station, to a writer of music for comic 
     short soundfilms. Eventually he became the primary writer scoring
     Hal Roach feature films. Another up-and-coming writer that Roach
     hired later was Leroy "Roy" Shield. He followed in Hatley's
     footsteps, and first wrote for the Laurel Hardy soundfilm shorts, 
     while Hatley scored the longer feature-length films. The 1932
     copyright notice gives credit to Leroy Shield as the "arranger"
     of the work.
     
     Later in 1932, lyrics were added for the piece, now named the
     "Dance of the Cuckoos", which was played by the London Symphony
     Orchestra. The lyrics were written by Harry Steinberg]

     Composer: T. Marvin Hatley (ASCAP), and
               arranged by Leroy ("Roy") Shield (ASCAP), with 
               lyrics added later by Harry Steinberg (not affiliated)

     Original Publisher: Southern Music Ltd. (ASCAP)

     1978 Publisher: Hatley Music Co. (ASCAP), and
                     Herman Music, Inc. (ASCAP)

     1997 Publisher:  APRS (BMI),
                       [Southern Music Pub. Co.]
                        c/o Peermusic, of New York, NY

     Composition Date: circa 1928 for radio station KFVD
                       on the lot at Hal Roach Studios.
               
     Copyright Dates: 
       (as the "Coo! Coo! radio time signal"): 
           Feb 12, 1930; E Unp[ublished] 17 055.
           (c) by Thomas Marvin Hatley, of Inglewood, CA
       
       (as "Ku-Ku"): 
            Aug 29, 1932; E Unp[ublished] 60 853.
           (c) Southern Music Pub. Co., Inc.
           
       (as "Dance of the Cuckoos" where lyricist Steinberg
        took credit for both the words and music, and no 
        credit was given to T. Marvin Hatley -- perhaps
        Steinberg should have clarified that it was an 
        arrangement or an adaptation at best;
        The fact he filed it from England meant it was a
        foreign copyright, but Southern Music Pub. Co.
        knew about it for sure):
            Sept. 21, 1932; E For[eign] 27 900.
            (c) Southern Music Pub. Co., Inc.
       
       (an arrangement of "Ku-Ku" by LeRoy Shield, was an
        expanded version created 4 years after the original
       "Ku-Ku" cue, and 8 years after the time signal was
        first heard on radio.):
            July 30, 1936; E Unp[ublished] 129 352.
            (c) Robbins Music Corp., New York.
            

     Recordings:
          LP: "Laurel and Hardy On The Air"
              [contains a "dance version" of the music theme
               recorded in England in 1932, with the 
               orchestra conducted by Van Phillips]
               Radiola MR-1104 (1979)

          CD: "The Beau Hunks Play...
               The Original Laurel and Hardy Music" Vol. 1
               Basta Music (The Netherlands) 30-99003 (1992)

          CD: "The Beau Hunks Play...
               The Original Laurel and Hardy Music" Vol. 2
               Basta Music (The Netherlands) 30-99025 (1993)

          CD: "The Beau Hunks Play...
               The Original Laurel and Hardy Music" [Box Set]
               Basta Music (The Netherlands) 30-99026 (1993)

               Basta AudioVisuals (The Netherlands) Web Site: 
               http://max.eastsite.nl:80/BASTA/


Secondary Opening Theme: "On To The Show"

    [Liner notes to the Beau-Hunks "Laurel and Hardy" CD state 
     this ditty was often used behind opening credits after the
    "Ku-ku" theme above. This tune was also heard in another
     Hal Roach production: the "Our Gang Comedies", known on TV
     as "The Little Rascals".]

     Composer: Leroy ("Roy") Shield (ASCAP)
     
     Original Publisher: Southern Music Pub. Co. (ASCAP)
     
     1978 Publisher:     Roy Shield Music Co. (ASCAP)
     1997 Publisher:   Roy Shield Music Company (ASCAP),
                         of Portland, OR
                         
     Copyright Date: Jan 10, 1931

     Recordings:
          CD: "The Beau Hunks Play...
               The Original Laurel and Hardy Music" Vol. 1
               Basta Music (The Netherlands) 30-99003 (1992)

          CD: "The Beau Hunks Play...
               The Original Laurel and Hardy Music" Vol. 2
               Basta Music (The Netherlands) 30-99025 (1993)

          CD: "The Beau Hunks Play...
               The Original Laurel and Hardy Music" [Box Set]
               Basta Music (The Netherlands) 30-99026 (1993)

               Basta AudioVisuals (The Netherlands) Web Site: 
               http://max.eastsite.nl:80/BASTA/  

          CD: "The Beau Hunks the Little Rascals Music" (1994)
               by The Beau Hunks
               Koch Screen 3-8702-2

          CD: "On To The Show!" (1995)
             ["The Beau Hunks play More Little Rascals music"]
               by The Beau Hunks
               Koch Screen 3-8705-2  

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