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The Jack Benny Show (situation comedy/variety)

    (CBS, occasional specials beginning in 1950;

     CBS Primetime, monthly specials beginning in 1952;

     CBS Sunday Nights, 1953 - 1962, as "The Jack Benny Show" --;
     the original bi-weekly network run on CBS;

     CBS Primetime, 1962 - 1964, the weekly series;

     CBS Daytime, 1964 - 1965, Weekdays and in syndication --;
     as "The Jack Benny Daytime Show" -- Weekday Re-Runs;
 
     CBS Sunday Nights, 1964 - 1965, Sundays and in syndication --;
     as "Sunday With Jack Benny" -- Sunday Afternoon Re-Runs;

     NBC Sunday Nights, 1964 - 1965, as "The Jack Benny Show")

    [This classic sitcom was derived from Benny's radio shows for various 
     sponsors on NBC and CBS Radio from 1932 - 1955; it included all the
     usual characters so carefully crafted on radio -- Rochester, who was
     Benny's gravelly-voiced wisecracking black butler -- played by Eddie
     Anderson; Don Wilson, Benny's real-life radio/TV announcer who was
     often the butt of "fat jokes" but took everything with good humor; 
     and a few of the old gang made occasional appearances; But Benny's 
     guest stars were a "who's who" of Hollywood usually playing themselves
     in some situation in Benny's real-life neighborhood of Beverly Hills;

     The way Jack Benny slowly eased into television, you would think he
     was doubtful of his own success in the new medium, or doubtful that
     the new medium would last...

     Benny's first appearances on TV under the "Jack Benny Show" name were
     a series of comedy-variety specials on CBS beginning October 28, 1950;

     In 1952 these "occasional specials" were scheduled monthly on CBS-TV.

     Then in May of 1953 the TV series began airing on alternate weeks. 
     This bi-weekly schedule alternated with several shows in the same 
     Sunday Night time slot on CBS -- including "This Is Show Business", 
     "Private Secretary", "Bachelor Father" and "The George Gobel Show";

     The show finally began appearing every week in 1962 on Sunday nights, 
     and then it switched to Tuesday nights. CBS kept trying to find a
     way to utilize Benny, and in 1964 they did something unprecedented.
     
     In 1964 CBS created two Benny shows to take advantage of his name -- 
     On daytime it was known as "The Jack Benny Daytime Show." This 
     show began to be offered in Syndication to non-network stations. It
     also gave CBS the opportunity to use re-runs of the show where needed
     on the Weekday schedule.
     
     The other show was known as "Sunday With Jack Benny" which originated
     Sunday nights, but was re-run on Sunday afternoons and also Syndicated
     for years. 

     But after only two years on CBS, trying such a wide variety of time 
     slots and re-run options, his contract for making new shows was cancelled. 
     
     So he switched networks and lasted one final season on NBC-TV.]


Teaser Theme: "Study No. 2" from "Forty-Two Studies or Caprices for the Violin"

    [aka: "The Kreutzer Etude", a violin practice study for
     students, one of the simplest exercises, which is often
     played badly in connection with Jack Benny.
     
     Kreutzer lived between 1766 and 1831. Although he composed
     19 Violin Concertos and 40 Operas during his lifetime, it is
     for the pedagogic studies that students of the violin must
     suffer to learn that made his reputation secure.]

     Composer: Rodolphe Kreutzer (predates ASCAP & BMI)
          
     Original Publisher: [unknown]
     
     1997 Publisher:  [Public Domain] G. Schirmer & Co.
                         of New York, NY
                         
     Recordings:


Theme 1: "Love In Bloom" from the 1934 musical film "She Loves Me Not"

     [Jack Benny adopted this melody as his "Signature Theme"
      for his appearances in general, and is often used as a
       Walk-On CUE when he guests on other shows...Curiously,
       Bob Hope adopted another Robin and Rainger song called
      "Thanks for the Memory" from the musical film "The Big
       Broadcast of 1938" which appeared just 4 years later, as 
       his Signature Theme. Coincidence?]

     Composers: Leo Robin (ASCAP) and
                Ralph Rainger (ASCAP)
               
     Original Publisher: Famous Music Corp.(ASCAP),
                         of New York, NY
     1997 Publisher:  Famous Music Corp.(ASCAP),
                        of New York, NY

     Copyright date: 1934 [from "Who Wrote That Song?"]
     Recordings: 
          78rpm - Hal Kemp and his orchestra


Alternate Theme 2: "Be Happy, Go Lucky [the Lucky Strike Jingle]"

    [Verified on a TV aircheck by theme collector Mark Koldys,
     and others. I heard the soundtrack of a TV aircheck opening
     the show with Don Wilson's voice over. The THEME was a medley which
     began with two phrases of the "Kruetzer Etude" and then segued into
     4 phrases of "Be Happy, Go Lucky" in a snappy tempo. Benny's signature
     tune "Love In Bloom" was heard only as a short "Play-On" when he
     walked out onstage to audience applause.]

    [aka: "L. S. Jingle No. 2";
     aka: "Be Happy, Go Luckies"]

     Composer: Raymond Scott (ASCAP)
              [pseudonym of Harry Warnow]
         
     Original Publisher: The American Tobacco Co, of New York.
     2001 Publishers: [not found in ASCAP or BMI databases]

     Orig. Copyright [as "L.S. Jingle No. 2"]: July  26, 1950. EU 210 765.
     2nd Copyright [as "Be Happy, Go Luckies]: July  26, 1950. EU 210 769.
     3rd Copyright [as "Be Happy, Go Lucky"]:  April 12, 1951; EP  53 853.

     Recordings:


Theme 3: "Jack Benny Opening Theme" [ASCAP title] "Jack Benny Show Theme" [BMI title]

    [This piece was known by various titles over the years:

     "S and J Stomp" (named for Jack and Sadie Marks, -- Jack Benny's wife who
                      played the character 'Mary Livingston' on the show)
     "J and M Stomp" (renamed for Jack and 'Mary Livingston' character)
     "MT and MJ Stomp" 
     "MT MJ Stomp"
     "MT SJ Stomp"
     "Benny TV Sig" (Signature Theme)
     "Jack Benny Sig" (Signature Theme)
     "Jack Benny Theme"

      TV Theme Collector Ray Clark verifies the title "S and J Stomp" was
      on the original lead sheet/manuscript. This piece was also recycled 
      as part of the MUTEL Music Service Library, and a sub-license to Capitol
      Special Products for use in the Capitol "Q" Library. 

      A very similar "knock-off" of this THEME which combined phrases
      from it and "Private Secretary" (another Merrick Original) 
      was commissioned for the MUTEL Music Service, and used as the 
      Re-run/Syndication THEME for "The People's Choice", which see.]

     Composer: Mahlon Legrand Merrick (ASCAP/BMI) 
       
     Original ASCAP Publisher: Gordon Music Co., Inc. (ASCAP)
     1978 ASCAP Publisher: Gordon Music Co., Inc. (ASCAP)
     Original BMI Publisher: Duchess Hawaii Music Corp. SA (BMI)
                             c/o MCA Music, of
                             New York, NY
     2001 Publishers: Palisades Music Co. (BMI), of
                         Tampa, FL
     Copyright date:
     Recordings:


Theme 4 for NBC Sunday show: "Jay Bee Main Title NBC"

    [aka: "Jay Bee" as used in BMI]

     Composers: Mahlon Legrand Merrick (ASCAP/BMI)  
           
     Original Publisher: Revue Productions (BMI)
     1998 Publishers: Duchess/Hawaii Music (BMI)

     Copyright date: Oct. 6, 1964; EU 848 345.
     Recordings: 


Theme 5 Open for Weekday re-runs on CBS: "J. B. Daytime Theme"

     [above title as listed in BMI]
     [incorporates a quote from "The Kreutzer Etude" teaser theme]

     [aka: "J. B. Daytime Theme CBS" as filed with copyright office]
     [aka: "Benny C.B.S. Daytime Theme" -- title on score manuscript in the
            CBS Inc. collection, at UCLA Music Dept. Special Collections]

     Composers: Mahlon Legrand Merrick (ASCAP/BMI) 
            
     Original Publisher: Revue Productions (BMI)
     1998 Publishers: EMI/Blackwood Music Co. (BMI)
                      c/o EMI Music Publishing
                      New York, NY

     Copyright date: Oct. 6, 1964; EU 848 347.
     Recordings:


Open Theme 6 for Sunday afternoon re-runs on CBS: "J. B. Sunday Theme"

     [above title as listed in BMI]
     [actually a shorter version of "The Waukeegan Walk" below]

     [aka: "J. B. Sunday Show CBS" as filed in copyright office]
     [aka: "Benny C.B.S. Sunday Opening" -- title on score manuscript in the
            CBS Inc. collection, at UCLA Music Dept. Special Collections]

     Composers: Mahlon Legrand Merrick (ASCAP/BMI)
         
     Original Publisher: Revue Productions (BMI)
     1998 Publishers: Duchess/Hawaii Music (BMI)

     Copyright date: [This piece filed in combination with 
                      the CBS Close Theme which follows:
                      Oct. 6, 1964; EU 848 348.]
     Recordings:


Close Theme 7 for Sunday and Weekday re-runs on CBS: "The Waukeegan Walk"

    [aka: "C.B.S. Closing Credits" -- alternate title on manuscript in the
           CBS Inc. collection, at UCLA Music Dept. Special Collections]

    [this melody is curiously very similar to the Glenn Miller
     band tune "Pennsylvania 6-5000", but it is a Merrick original,
     probably used behind opening animation.]

     Composers: Mahlon Legrand Merrick (ASCAP/BMI)  
           
     Original Publisher: Hawaii Music (BMI)
     1997 Publishers: Duchess/Hawaii Music (BMI)

     Copyright date: [This piece filed in combination with 
                      the CBS Sunday Opening Theme above:
                      Oct. 6, 1964; EU 848 348.]
     Recordings:


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